Halitosis commonly called as Bad Breath is a symptom in which an unpleasant odour is noticeable in the exhaled breath. The odour might be persistent or periodic. It is the third most common cause for which people seek dental care after tooth decay and gum diseases.
Most of the cases of bad breath have their origin within the mouth. Improper oral hygiene leaves food particles
The bacteria present in the mouth breakdown the protein content of food to produce volatile sulphur compounds as hydrogen sulfide and methyl mercaptan which in turn produce fouls breath.
Infections of the sinus and tonsils and even lower respiratory infections are the second major cause of bad breath.
Certain type of odors are secreted in breath from aromatic substances in bloodstream such as odor of diabetes and uremic breath that accompanies kidney dysfunction.
External factors as eating onions, garlic, smoking and consuming alcohol also cause bad breath.
The most important part in treating halitosis is proper diagnosis of the cause of bad breath. When the cause is poor oral hygiene, restoration of oral health by the dentist produces immediate results. Bad breath resulting from chronic sinusitis may be a recurring problem, especially if it is caused by a structural abnormality of the sinuses. Bad breath the results from a systemic illness may be a long-term problem that can often be controlled with proper medical care.
Maintain proper oral hygiene by